Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that the National Archives' website and collection contain the names, images and voices of people who have died.
Some records include terms and views that are not appropriate today. They reflect the period in which they were created and are not the views of the National Archives.
Commemoration played an important role in helping Australians to come to terms with the physical and emotional costs of World War I.
In 1916, Australian Prime Minister Billy Hughes called for a plebiscite on the issue of conscription for war service, hoping to make military service compulsory.
On 25 April 1915, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) troops landed on the beaches of Gallipoli in Turkey.
An estimated 1,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people served with the Australian Imperial Force in World War I.
More than 2000 Australian nurses served in the Australian Army Nursing Service during World War I.
The call to defend Australia, and the British Empire, inspired thousands to enlist in the Australian Imperial Force (AIF).
When troops returned from World War I and disembarked at docks across Australia, they carried the effects of their experiences in this terrible and destructive war.
From 1916, Australian troops served with Allied forces throughout the Middle East, mainly taking part in action against the Ottoman Empire.
World War I was fought on many fronts, but it was in France and Belgium that the war started and ended – and it was there that the largest number of Australian troops saw action.