The impact of colonial settlement on the environment

The animals and farming practices that Europeans brought to Australia, as well as industry and mining, have had a significant impact on the environment.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have lived on the Australian continent for tens of thousands of years and they learned to respect and care for the fragile land.

When people from Britain and other parts of the world began settling in Australia from 1788, they found the environment very different to the lands they had left. The animals and farming practices they brought with them, as well as industry and mining, have had a significant impact on the environment.

Curriculum areas

  • Year 5 Geography
  • Year 5 History

Questions

  • In 1788, how was Australia‘s environment different to Britain’s?
  • Why do you think colonial settlers brought animals and crop seeds with them to Australia?
  • How have colonisation and modern technology affected the Australian environment?