By the end of World War II, Australia was suffering from shortages in the work force, and its small population and isolation increased its sense of vulnerability.
During the 1920s Australia and Britain became aware that several countries, including Norway and France, were intending to stake territorial claims in Antarctica.
Both before and after Australia became a Federation, there was fierce debate about where the new federal territory and seat of government should be located.
The Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911 to 1914) was the first Australian-led expedition to Antarctica.
When Captain Cook claimed eastern Australia for the King of Great Britain in 1770, it was not acknowledged that the land had already been inhabited by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples for tens of thousands of years.
In the aftermath of World War II, the Australian Government embarked on a large-scale immigration program.
Australia’s identity has changed significantly since World War II.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have made significant contributions to the Australian community across a wide range of areas.
From the time humans landed in Antarctica, its flora and fauna have been studied and exploited for food and resources.