The Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911 to 1914) was the first Australian-led expedition to Antarctica. A research expedition, it was led by Australian geologist Sir Douglas Mawson.
Mawson recruited a team of scientists from Australia and New Zealand for the expedition. In 1911, the men sailed for Antarctica on board the SY Aurora.
- set up 3 bases (Main Base, Western Base and a base at Macquarie Island)
- established the first radio communications in Antarctica
- carried out important scientific investigations in magnetism, geology, biology and meteorology
- discovered and named new geographical areas.
The scientific data gathered during this expedition is still valuable today.
- Year 6 History
- What personal qualities would Mawson have needed to endure the conditions he experienced?
- In what ways was the work of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition significant for Australia at the time? What evidence did you use to support your response?
- What do you think is the legacy of Mawson's expeditions to the Antarctic?