Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that the National Archives' website and collection contain the names, images and voices of people who have died.
Some records include terms and views that are not appropriate today. They reflect the period in which they were created and are not the views of the National Archives.
An extract of a speech given by Prime Minister Billy Hughes in 1922, regarding migration policy and population growth.
Migration has been central to Australia’s identity, prosperity and security. Explore Australia’s migration history since 1901, including the challenges and cultural contributions of our migrants.
From 1914 to 1918, over 324,000 Australians served overseas in World War I, with two-thirds becoming casualties. Their experiences had long-lasting effects on them, their families and society.
Issues of who is or can become an Australian citizen are closely tied to government policy. The White Australia policy stopped many non-Europeans becoming citizens in the 20th century.
Learn how to interpret primary sources, use our collection and more.