Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that the National Archives' website and collection contain the names, images and voices of people who have died.
Some records include terms and views that are not appropriate today. They reflect the period in which they were created and are not the views of the National Archives.
Photograph of land clearing for the new town of Rock Gully, south of Western Australia
Australia is one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world. Our landscapes and ecosystems have changed with the introduction of new plants and farming practices.
Explore how Australians’ relationship with the natural world changed over the 20th century as we recognised the aesthetic, scientific, cultural and life-sustaining importance of the environment.
The government has a role in encouraging and regulating the construction, mining and manufacturing industries. Discover some of Australia’s major projects including the building of Canberra.
Learn how to interpret primary sources, use our collection and more.