Records

Over the past century, the Australian Government has employed thousands of people in a wide range of occupations and positions. From army generals and departmental heads to clerks and typists, each has contributed to the governing of the country.

The Commonwealth records held by the National Archives were created by these public servants as they went about their work. They wrote memos and letters, sent telegrams, drew maps and plans, filled in forms, wrote journals and kept accounts. In these documents they recorded not only the work they did, but in many cases they also revealed their interests, ideas and biases.

This website contains documents, drawings and photographs that reveal the lives of Charles and Ruth Lane Poole in their roles as public servants – Ruth over a period of several years, Charles over several decades. Their personalities and experiences can be found in their own letters and writings, as well as those of their colleagues in government bodies such as the Federal Capital Commission and the Department of Home and Territories.

Spelling their name

The documents show that Charles and Ruth's family name was often incorrectly hyphenated as 'Lane-Poole'. Charles insisted that it should not be hyphenated and the Secretary of the Forestry Bureau, RG Keppler, never did so in the correspondence he sent out. The hyphenated form, however, was used in much incoming correspondence and in records kept by other government agencies – perhaps because it removed confusion as to where things should be filed, under 'L' rather than 'P'.

The hyphen mysteriously appears in other places, too, such as in the letterhead of Ruth's personal correspondence, a fact that puzzled their youngest daughter, Phyllis Hamilton. When asked about the hyphen during the development of this website, she stated that the family never used it themselves.

Key items on the Lane Pooles

Ruth Lane Poole

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
ItemDepartment of Home and Territories file on the Federal Capital plan of design, 19171917 - 1917A1, 1917/7242
ItemDepartment of the Interior file of cables to and from London on behalf of Mrs R Lane Poole, 19261926 - 1926A1, 1926/9335
ItemDepartment of Home and Territories file on the furnishing of the Governor-General's residence, Canberra, 1925–271925 - 1927A1, 1927/6507
ItemGovernor-General's file on alterations to the building and furnishings of 'Yarralumla', 1926–271926 - 1927A12006, 10/2
ItemDepartment of Works and Railways file on the residence for the Prime Minister, 1925–261925 - 1926A199, FC1926/211
ItemFederal Capital Commission file on general building of the Prime Minister's residence, 1925–321925 - 1932A292, C8174
ItemPrime Minister's Department file on the Prime Minister's residence, 1927–301927 - 1930A461, E4/1/12 Part 1
ItemCabinet paper on the furnishing of Government House and the Prime Minister's residence, Canberra, 19261926 - 1926A6006, 1926/07/27
ItemCabinet paper on furnishing of Governor-General's and Prime Minister's residences Canberra, 19261926 - 1926A6006, 1926/11/23
ItemFederal Capital Commission file on the appointment of Mrs Lane Poole to supervise the furnishing of Yarralumla House and the Prime Minister's residence, 1926–271926 - 1927A6266, G1926/2359
ItemFederal Capital Commission file on the residence at Government House, Canberra, 19271927 - 1927A6269, E1/27/1568
ItemFederal Capital Commission file on the electrical installation in the Director's residence at the Forestry School, 1927–281927 - 1928A6269, E1/27/1966A
ItemFederal Capital Territory Branch file on furnishings for the Prime Minister's residence, 1926–321926 - 1932A6272, E100
ItemDepartment of Air RAAF Officer's personnel file on Charlotte Ruth Lane Poole, 1939–481939 - 1948A9300, LANE-POOLE C R
ItemFederal Capital Commission's Architects Department file on furnishings for Government House and the Prime Minister's residence, 1926–281926 - 1928CT86/1, 190 PART 1
ItemFederal Capital Commission's Architects Department file on the Forestry School's Principal's residence, 1927–291927 - 1929CT86/1, 473


Charles Lane Poole

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
ItemDepartment of Home and Territories' file on the geological investigation of Papua by Evan Stanley and Charles Lane Poole1923 - 1923A1, 1923/25024
ItemDepartment of Home and Territories file on the Forestry Exhibit at the British Empire Exhibition in Wembley, 19231923 - 1923A1, 1923/30521
ItemDepartment of Home and Territories file on CE Lane Poole's position as Chairman of outside bodies, 19251925 - 1925A1, 1925/20029
ItemDepartment of Home and Territories file on WR Boldery (Lane Poole's Report), New Guinea, 1924–261924 - 1926A1, 1926/10610
ItemDepartment of Home and Territories file on allegations made by RD Hay against CE Lane Poole, 1925–261925 - 1926A1, 1926/7398
ItemDepartment of Home and Territories file on CE Lane Poole's visits to other states, 19261926 - 1926A1, 1926/8003
ItemDepartment of the Interior file on Charles Lane Poole's investigation of timber resources in Norfolk Island, Papua and New Guinea1929 - 1933A1, 1933/3161
ItemDepartment of the Interior file on Mr Lane Poole's loan of services to the Government of the Union of South Africa, 1935–361935 - 1936A1, 1935/10394
ItemDepartment of the Interior file on CE Lane Poole's cooperation with the states regarding forestry, 1937–381937 - 1938A1, 1937/5087
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau diary of Canberra Nature Notes - Volume 3 from 12 October 1941 to 14 November 19431941 - 1943A11029, 3
ItemFile of private and personal letters between the Governor-General Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson and Lieutenant Governor of Western Australia, Sir Edward Stone, 11 July 1919 – 17 February 19201919 - 1920A11085, B13/9
ItemPrime Minister's Department file on CE Lane Poole as Inspector-General of Forests, 19301930 - 1930A1606, AB25/1
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on the River Murray Conference, 19281928 - 1928A2430, 1928 STA.NSW 4
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on the Tasmania Forestry Loan, part 1, 1925–271925 - 1927A2430, 1928 STA.TAS 2
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on the Tasmania Forestry Loan, part 2, 19281928 - 1928A2430, 1928 STA.TAS 2
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on the River Murray Conference, 19301930 - 1930A2430, 1930 STA.NSW 4
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on the River Murray, 19311931 - 1931A2430, 1931 STA.NSW 4
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file of reconnaissance by Research Officer Byles on the River Murray, 19311931 - 1931A2430, 1931 STA.NSW 4A
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on Commonwealth forest policy, 19321932 - 1932A2430, 1932 POL 2
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on the River Murray, part 1, 19321932 - 1932A2430, 1932 STA.NSW 4
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on Norfolk Island, 19331933 - 1933A2430, 1933 POL 13 PT 1
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on Norfolk Island, part 2, 19331933 - 1933A2430, 1933 POL 13 PT 2
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on the Northern Territory, 19331933 - 1933A2430, 1933 POL 14
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on papers presented at the Interstate Forestry Conference, Canberra, 19341934 - 1934A2430, 1934 CONF 23 PT 1
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on Commonwealth forest policy, 19341934 - 1934A2430, 1934 POL 1
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on the economic position of forestry in the Federal Capital Territory, 1927–281927 - 1928A2430, 1934 POL 9
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau on the Forestry (Amendment) Bill, 19351935 - 1935A2430, 1935 LEG 2
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on Papua and New Guinea reafforestation, 19351935 - 1935A2430, 1935 POL 20
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on the Interstate Forestry Conference, 19361936 - 1936A2430, 1936 CONF 23A
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on the Commonwealth Forestry Bill and Act, and the Forestry Fund, 1944 1944 - 1944A2430, 1944 LEG 1
ItemForestry and Timber Bureau file of enquiries relating to Mr CE Lane Poole, 1969–741969 - 1974A2432, 70/171
ItemRepatriation Commission file on the establishment of an Australian School of Forestry, 19201920 - 1920A2489, 1920/6187
ItemAustralian Forestry School file of newspaper cuttings, 1924–371924 - 1937A3080, 1
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file on the representation of planting companies at the Empire Forestry Conference, 1926–281927 - 1928A3141, 10
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file of correspondence with Western Australia on the Empire Forestry Conference, 1928–291928 - 1929A3141, 3
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file of correspondence with Tasmania on the Empire Forestry Conference, 1928–291928 - 1929A3141, 6
ItemPrime Minister's Department file concerning the proposal to appoint Charles Lane Poole as Commonwealth Forestry Officer, 1922–231922 - 1923A457, I521/1
ItemPrime Minister's Department file containing Lane Poole's report on the forestry position in Australia, 1925–261925 - 1926A458, N346/1
ItemPrime Minister's Department file on CE Lane Poole, Inspector-General of Forests, visit to South Africa, 1935–361935 - 1936A461, 748/1/386
ItemDepartment of External Territories file containing Charles Lane Poole's forestry report on New Guinea and Papua, 1923–521923 - 1952A518, B821/1
ItemDepartment of External Territories file on the timber resources in New Guinea, 1919–461919 - 1946A518, D821/1
ItemDepartment of External Territories file on the investigation into the timber resources of Papua, 1918–241918 - 1924A518, DA821/1
ItemDepartment of Territories file on CE Lane Poole's terms of appointment and service with the Commonwealth Government, 1923–451923 - 1945A518, JD112/1
ItemCabinet paper on CE Lane Poole's desired payment of fares for his wife and children from Dublin to Australia, 19231923 - 1923A6006, 1923/10/9
ItemCabinet paper on CE Lane Poole's request for payment of fares for his wife and children, 19231923 - 1923A6006, 1923/12/7
ItemCommonwealth Institute of Science and Industry file on the Australian Forestry School and forest products, 1920–251920 - 1925A8510, 32/1
ItemCommonwealth Institute of Science and Industry file on forest products and timber preservation, 19221922 - 1922A8510, 32/11
ItemPersonal papers of CE Lane Poole, Jolly – NSW, 1924–331924 - 1933AA1975/142, 2
ItemPersonal papers of CE Lane Poole, Swain 'dossier', 1934–411934 - 1941AA1975/142, 5
ItemPersonal papers of CE Lane Poole, NSW Commission correspondence from NW Jolly, 19351935 - 1935AA1975/142, 6
ItemCommonwealth Forestry Bureau file containing CE Lane Poole's report on Commonwealth Forestry Policy, 1929–321929 - 1932AA1975/198, 4
ItemArmy Headquarters Citizen's Military Forces personnel dossier on Charles Edward Lane Poole, 1939–481939 - 1948B884, N394194
ItemDevelopment and Migration Commission file on evidence provided for the Royal Commission on the Constitution of the Commonwealth, 19271927 - 1927CP211/2, 57/4
ItemRoyal Commission on the Constitution of the Commonwealth file of miscellaneous documents, 24 May 1924 to 26 September 19271924 - 1927CP660/28, 10
ItemRoyal Commission on the Constitution of the Commonwealth file containing submissions and correspondence from Tasmania, April 1927 to June 19281927 - 1928CP660/28, 2
ItemFederal Capital Commission file of correspondence relating to the construction of the Forestry School in Canberra, 1926–291926 - 1929CP698/29, 1
ItemFederal Capital Commission file of correspondence relating to the construction of the Forestry School in Canberra, 1926–291927 - 1927CP698/29, 2
ItemFederal Capital Commission file on the Forestry School's Principal's residence, 1927–291927 - 1929CT86/1, 473
ItemPL Sheaffe papers, General notes for the information of public servants, April 19261926 - 1926M4071, 64

Other resources

Archival collections

National Library of Australia

Australian National University Archives

  • A3084 Australian Forestry School 
  • UA2002/19 Australian Forestry School (AFS) Reunion 2000 Incorporated

State Records Office of Western Australia

  • ACC934/3116 Forests Department

Further reading

  • Australian Dictionary of Biography Online, www.adb.online.anu.edu.au, which contains entries for the Lane Pooles and other individuals mentioned in this website. 
  • LT Carron, A History of Forestry in Australia, Australian National University Press, Canberra, 1985. 
  • Carol Cosgrove, 'Westridge House', Heritage in Trust, Summer 1999. 
  • Chris Coulthard-Clark (ed.), Gables, Ghosts and Governors-General, Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1988. 
  • John Dargavel, 'From exploitation to science: Lane Poole's surveys of Papua and New Guinea, 1922–1924', Historical Records of Australian Science, 2006, vol. 17, pp. 71–90. 
  • John Dargavel, Fashioning Australia's Forests, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1995. 
  • Athol Meyer, The Foresters, Institute of Foresters of Australia, Canberra, 1985. 
  • Julie Oliver, The Australian Home Beautiful, Hardie Grant Books, Melbourne, 1999.
Copyright National Archives of Australia 2017