Navy service records – Fact sheet 30
The Department of Defence assumed control of naval defence on Federation in 1901 and maintained Navy personnel records until the Navy Office was established in 1911. Most records of Navy service held by the National Archives date from 1911.
Navy service records held in Canberra
The service card was the main record maintained by the Navy about serving members from 1911 until 1970. These cards provide a summary of service including postings, promotions, awards and personal details (including next of kin), and were added to over the member's entire period in the Navy. Cards were maintained for service in the Royal Australian Navy, the Women's Royal Australian Navy Service, the Naval Reserve, the Naval Volunteer Reserve, the Naval Nursing Services, Naval Dockyard Police, members enlisted or on loan, duty or exchange from the Royal Navy, and reservists voluntarily serving for a continuous period in excess of 28 days.
Confidential reports on officers
Confidential reports on Naval officers date from 1912 and were an annual report about officers' performance and suitability for promotion. As some of this information may be personally sensitive, confidential reports are not always available for public access.
Separate files were created for each serving member to cover matters such as allowances, postings, promotions, discipline and long service. Up to 30 files could have been created on an individual member. The main Navy correspondence file series covers the period 1958 to 1974. Correspondence records for earlier service are listed in Navy service records held in Melbourne.
Reference numbers will often be located on the service card. Many of these files, especially for earlier years, were destroyed once they ceased to be of administrative use. Since 1968 Navy personnel files have been kept. These files are arranged by service number with a numeric prefix indicating the type of file.
World War I service with the Australian Naval & Military Expeditionary Force and the Royal Australian Naval Bridging Train
Service records for those who served with the Australian Naval & Military Expeditionary Force and the Royal Australian Naval Bridging Train are included in the series containing the first Australian Imperial Force (AIF) personnel dossiers (see table below).
War gratuity cards for World War I and World War II
Most members of the naval forces who returned from World War I and World War II were eligible for a war gratuity or bonus (paid as cash or an issue of government bonds) in recognition of their service. All applications following World War I service are listed on RecordSearch and searches of the series CP979/2 using the name of the member should identify a record of interest. Applications for World War II are not fully listed and the series cannot be effectively searched unless you know the member’s gratuity number.
Merchant Navy service
The National Archives holds microfilmed employment records for Australian seamen who served on Australian merchant vessels. The records are arranged by family name and give some personal information, the name of ships and dates of service.
Other sources of information about those who had Navy service include crew lists, published Navy Lists, records of service with the Royal Australian Navy Reserve (to 1912), lists of naval appointments and discharges (1912–31) and nominal rolls of Naval personnel during World War II.
Navy service records held in Canberra
For more information
Records of pre-World War I and colonial service
Australian Naval Forces service records from 1901 to 1913 are held by the Australian War Memorial.
Records of personnel who served with colonial navies before 1901 may be held by the relevant state government archives.