The wine industry in South Australia – Fact sheet 26
Commonwealth involvement in the wine industry
Commonwealth government involvement in the wine industry has been concerned mainly with the regulation of the industry, provision of research and development grants, and marketing and promotion of wine for export.
The Collector of Customs, Adelaide (now the Australian Customs Service – CA 802) assumed responsibility from the South Australian colonial government on Federation in 1901. Its functions included the collection of excise revenue, development and protection of the industry, and encouragement and regulation of overseas trade.
In 1929 the Wine Overseas Marketing Board was constituted under the Overseas Marketing Act 1929. The Board regulated wine and brandy intended for export and was empowered to handle, market, store and ship Australian wine. From 1936 until 1981 it was known as the Australian Wine Board and since 1981 it has been called the Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation. The Corporation is the controlling organisation for the industry and currently has its head office in Adelaide.
Commonwealth government agencies and their records
Most records relating to wine held by the National Archives in Adelaide were created by the Corporation or its predecessors, but some records of other agencies are also held. These include records created by the Australian Customs Service, the Australian Industrial Property Organisation and the now defunct State Deputy Prices Commissioner.