Patent, trademark and design records in Brisbane – Fact sheet 245
Until Federation in 1901 the registration of patents, trademarks and designs in Queensland was the responsibility of the Queensland Patents Office. As legislation of the new Commonwealth government came into force (the Patents Act 1903, commenced 1 June 1904; the Trademarks Act 1905, commenced 2 July 1906 and the Designs Act 1906 which commenced on 1 January 1907) each of these functions became a Commonwealth responsibility and the registration records were transferred to the Commonwealth government.
Patents, trademarks and designs
Patents, trademarks and designs are all forms of intellectual property, and are usually defined as follows:
Patent – A patent is an exclusive right to exploit an invention commercially, which is granted for a limited term in return for public disclosure of the invention.
Trademark – A trademark is a sign used commercially to distinguish goods and/or services of one trader from those of another. It can be a word, phrase, picture, logo, letter, shape, colour, sound, scent or aspect of packaging.
Design – Design refers to the features of shape, configuration, pattern or ornamentation, which can be judged by the eye in finished products. Design registration protects the visual appearance of manufactured products.
The National Archives office in Brisbane holds a range of records dating from 1860 relating to the registration of patents, trademarks and designs. These include registers, indexes and classification schemes that can be used to identify registrations of interest, as well as the records that comprise the registration, which include applications, technical drawings and art works.