Reasons to federate

There were good practical reasons to form a federation. Free trade among the colonies, telecommunications, immigration and defence would all benefit from a centralised approach.

Steam train, Adelaide Hills, South Australia, c 1890.
Steam train, Adelaide Hills, South Australia, c 1890. NAA: A13774, 15
Lew Hong (Teang Wee), letters of naturalization, Victoria, 1885.
Lew Hong (Teang Wee), letters of naturalization, Victoria, 1885. NAA: A1, 1922/8707
Cover of The Sporting and Dramatic News, 30 September 1909 (detail). Illustration caption: ‘Come the three-quarters of the world in arms, and we shall shock them’.
Cover of The Sporting and Dramatic News, 30 September 1909 (detail). Illustration caption: ‘Come the three-quarters of the world in arms, and we shall shock them’. NAA: M3612, 3
Telegram from Sir John Forrest to the Right Honourable Edmund Barton, Prime Minister, 16 January 1901.
Telegram from Sir John Forrest to the Right Honourable Edmund Barton, Prime Minister, 16 January 1901. NAA: A6, 51262