Rabbits around a waterhole at the enclosed trial site at Wardang Island, 1938

Black and white photograph of rabbits drinking at a waterhole at an enclosed trial site on Wardang Island, South Australia, 1938

In November 1937, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research conducted its first field trial of myxomatosis at Wardang Island, South Australia, establishing the ground work for the first successful release of the myxoma virus in the early 1950s. The myxomatosis program was a world first in the biological control of mammalian pests, reducing rabbit numbers from 600 million to 100 million in just two years.

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